You’re not alone in thinking electric automobiles are a new concept. Until recently, electric vehicles caught the attention of a small group of enthusiasts. According to a US DOE (Department of Energy) post, gasoline-powered automobiles and trucks are normally considered the ‘conventional’ types of such vehicles, but the electric vehicles were being manufactured at the same time. While Karl Benz receives credit with producing the first gasoline-propelled automobile in the mid-1880s in Germany, the first basic electric car — an electric carriage — was built in Scotland around 1832. In the decades that followed, several early kinds of electric vehicles appeared.
According to the DOE, the first “successful electric automobile” was produced in Iowa within 50 years, however, the cars were still a long way from modern-day electric car technology.
What Kinds of Electric Vehicles Are There?
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
The internal combustion engines, as well as vehicle batteries, power electric motors in hybrid electric automobiles. The drivers can be able to fill up the gas tank and drive away, but they will benefit from the ‘regenerative braking’ system which charges the internal battery and stores energy that would otherwise be wasted when the car is braking. Unlike other types of electric vehicles, an HEV’s battery cannot be charged via a plug.
Despite the presence of electric batteries, some do not consider such cars to be fully electric. “We don’t consider hybrids to be electric vehicles because they don’t have a plug,” Amalia Siegel, who works as the program manager with Efficiency Maine, which is a quasi-state energy efficiency organization, noted. “Hybrids are a terrific option [and] have excellent fuel economy, but they’re in a different category.”
PHEVs (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles)
The PHEVs, like their non-plug-in counterparts, are powered by a combination of internal combustion engines (ICE) and batteries. The main distinction is that, while PHEVs may charge their batteries via regenerative braking, they can be charged by plugging into the electrical grid.
BEVs (Battery Electric Vehicles)
The BEVs, also referred to as all-electric vehicles, can plug into the grid and charge with the same power that runs through our businesses and homes, just like PHEVs. Regenerative braking is another way for BEVs to recharge their batteries.
BEVs, on the other hand, lack combustion engines which need gasoline, a design characteristic that ensures the vehicle emits no direct fossil fuel-affiliated pollutants while in motion.
Are Electric Vehicles Environmentally Friendly?
Some opponents of electric vehicles point out that the “greenness” of an electric vehicle’s charge is determined by the quality of the power in the grid to which it is connected. Nonetheless, Siegel emphasized that “the thing with electric cars is that they are just more effective than gasoline vehicles, irrespective of where the energy comes from.” “So, there are some areas in the nation which have a very robust renewable energy blend, and where the power is quite green to start with, however even in states… that have far more coal in the blend or even other fossil fuels, greenhouse gas emissions from utilizing an electric car are still lower.”
When it comes to charging an electric vehicle, how long does it take?
Charging an electric car can take anything from half an hour to overnight, depending on the sort of charging equipment you’re using. Plugs for more advanced rapid chargers may not be available on older electric vehicle models.